AVASO provides outsourced global employment services for customers that want to hire employees and run payroll in Singapore. Our comprehensive solution and Global Employer of Record model enables customers to run payroll in Singapore while HR services, tax, and compliance management matters are lifted from their shoulders onto ours. A candidate is hired via AVASO in accordance with Singapore’s labor laws and put on our locally-compliant payroll. The individual is assigned to our customer as a designated manager, working on your behalf in Singapore exactly as if he or she were your employee to fulfill your in-country requirements. We ensure that best HR practice is followed—leaving the employee to focus on managing the activity you wish to implement in Singapore rather than to negotiate with local lawyers and accountants on your company’s behalf.
Table of Contents
- Employment Contracts in Singapore
- Working Hours in Singapore
- Holidays in Singapore
- Vacation Days in Singapore
- Singapore Sick Leave
- Maternity/Paternity Leave in Singapore
- Health Insurance in Singapore
- Singapore Supplementary Benefits
- Retirement in Singapore
- Termination/Severance in Singapore
- Paying Taxes in Singapore
Singapore is an island city-state located in Southeast Asia, just north of the equator. Its 278 square miles of land is home to 5.5 million people, making it the third most densely populated country in the world at 20,000 people per square mile. According to the World Bank, Singapore is the easiest country in the world in which to do business. Singapore’s GDP is USD 372 billion and growing at an annual rate of 0.7%; its unemployment rate is 5.19%. Singapore is a financial and commercial center, and its major exports include electrical equipment, machinery, chemicals, medical equipment, and plastics.
When negotiating terms of an employment contract and offer letter with an employee in Singapore, it may be useful to keep the following standard benefits in Singapore in mind:
Employment Contracts in Singapore
Best practice is to put a strong, written employment contract in place in Singapore which spells out the terms of the employee’s compensation, benefits, and termination requirements. An offer letter and employment contract in Singapore should always state the salary and any compensation amounts in Singapore dollars rather than a foreign currency.
This information is provided as generally accepted information and is not intended as advisory services.
Working Hours in Singapore
Working hours should not exceed 44 per week. Employees who work 5 or fewer days per week should not work more than 9 hours per day. Those who work 5 or more days per week should not work more than 8 hours per day.
Employees may be entitled to overtime at a rate of 1.5 times their usual wage depending on whether they are classified as a non-workman or a workman and if their salary is under the applicable cap.
Holidays in Singapore
10 public holidays are celebrated in Singapore.
- New Year’s Day
- Chinese New Year (2 days)
- Good Friday
- Labour Day
- Vesak Day
- Hari Raya Puasa
- National Day
- Hari Raya Haji
- Christmas Day
Vacation Days in Singapore
The market norm for vacation is 14 days, although senior executives may command more (3-4 weeks). Statutory minimum is 7 days plus 1 day for each additional year worked with a company until the 8th year of service. From the 8th year of service onward, the legal minimum remains at 14 days.
Singapore Sick Leave
Employees are generally entitled to sick leave if:
- they have worked for the employer for at least three months
- they have informed their employer within 48 hours of their absence
- their sick leave is certified by the company’s doctor, a company-approved doctor, or a government doctor
The number of days of paid sick leave is dependent on the length of service. Employees who have worked for at least six months are eligible for 14 days of outpatient, non-hospitalization leave and 60 days of hospitalization leave, which includes the 14 days of outpatient leave.
Employees with less than six months of service are entitled to paid leave on the following schedule:
|Number of months of service completed
|Paid outpatient non-hospitalization leave (days)
|Paid hospitalization leave (days)
|6 and thereafter
Maternity/Paternity Leave in Singapore
A female employee who:
- is a citizen of Singapore
- is legally married to the father
- has worked for her employer for at least three months
is entitled to 16 weeks of paid maternity leave. For the first two pregnancies, the employer pays for the first 8 weeks of leave and the government pays for the second 8 weeks. The government pays for the entire leave for additional pregnancies.
Employees who are not citizens of Singapore and/or are not legally married to the father are generally entitled to 12 weeks of paid leave, unless their employment contract states differently. It is likely that beginning in 2017, women no longer need to be married to be eligible for 16 weeks of paid maternity leave.
Beginning July 1st, 2017, wives may share up to 4 weeks of maternity leave with husbands.
Employees with less than three months of service are not entitled to paid maternity leave.
A father is generally eligible for two weeks of paid paternity leave, funded by the government, if:
- he is or was legally married to the child’s mother between conception and birth
- his child is a citizen of Singapore
- he has been employed for a continuous period of at least three months before the birth
Paternity pay is capped at SGD2,500 per week.
Beginning July 1st, 2017, adoption leave will be increased to 12 weeks, but employers will not be eligible for reimbursement for the first four weeks of adoption leave for the first two children adopted.
Health Insurance in Singapore
Basic insurance is provided through the national system, however, supplementary health insurance may be provided to the employee as a supplementary benefit.
Singapore Supplementary Benefits
Most executives request supplementary health and life insurance, but a small company may provide an allowance in lieu of arranging insurance.
Stock options are often requested by executives working for US technology companies in Singapore.
Generally, we recommend budgeting 20% for benefits on top of the gross salary to allocate the total employer’s cost including benefits in Singapore, including the CPF allocation.
Retirement in Singapore
Singapore has a mandatory minimum retirement age of 62, at which time employers must offer employees re-employment up to the age of 65, and beginning July 1st, 2017, up to the age of 67, as long as the employee:
- has worked for at least three years, beginning before the employee was 55
- is a citizen or permanent resident of Singapore
- can satisfactorily perform the work
A 13th month or annual bonus is not required but is market norm in Singapore. A commission plan may replace this for a sales employee. An annual bonus may be equal to 2-3 month’s salary when the economy is strong.
Termination/Severance in Singapore
A probation period of 3-6 months may generally be agreed to in the employment contract, during which there is a shorter notice period. This is not a statutory requirement.
One month’s termination notice on behalf of the employer or employee is the generally agreed term, but this is not fixed. If the notice period is not specified in the employment contract, the following applies:
|Length of service
| Less than 26 weeks
| 26 weeks to less than 2 years
| 2 years to less than 5 years
| 5 years and above
Paying Taxes in Singapore
CPF (Central Provident Fund) is the main nationally mandated benefit or social security expense. The amount varies, but we recommend budgeting 17% of the employee’s salary (on top of the regular salary) as a benefit cost to be paid into the Central Providence Fund by the employer. CPF is similar to a retirement fund.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Singapore government has clarified that CPF contributions are not required for reimbursements of COVID-19 related expenses like home office equipment. There are several support measures in place for employers unable to make their payments to the CPF as a result of the pandemic.